When French composer Claude Debussy first heard the Javanese Gamelan at the 1889 Paris Universal Exposition, a new and exciting cross-fertilisation of music began. The music of the East truly began to impact on Western music. After Debussy came other French composers, many similarly intoxicated by the musical perfumes of the East, their works revealing inspirations from India, Indonesia, China and Japan. It was in many of these French composers that a new generation of Eastern composers found inspiration. This lecture explores these mysterious musics and reveals new found parallels, which continue to inspire and influence. It also introduces listeners to some of the most beguiling and exquisite music of the Twentieth Century.